National Flag

The National Flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the center of the white band is a wheel, in navy blue, which represents the Charkha. Its design is that of the wheel (Chakra) which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on the 22nd July 1947. Its use and display was regulated by code.



National Emblem

The State Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital Ashoka as preserved in the Sarnath Museum. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mountain on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion separated by intervening wheels (Chakras) over a bell shaped lotus. Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra).

In the State Emblem adopted by the government of India on the 26th January 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in the center of the abacus with a bull on the right and a horse on the left and the outlines of the other wheels on the extreme left and right. The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted. The words "Satyamev Jayate", from the Mundaka Upanished meaning "Truth alone triumphs", are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari Script.